Avian Mycobacteriosis

ZOONOTIC CONCERN

Cause: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex

Occurrence in Animals: Wild birds and other species

Source in Animals: Feces

Exposure: Accidental inhalation of contaminated aerosols

Symptoms:

  • ANIMALS:
    • May be subclinical
    • Diarrhea and wasting are possible
  • HUMANS:
    • Usually asymptomatic in healthy adults
    • In some cases (especially if preexisting pulmonary damage or immunosuppression exist), night sweats, weight loss, abdominal pain, fatigue, diarrhea, cough

Precautions:

  • Good personal hygiene:
    • WASH HANDS¬†after handling animals and their environment
    • No eating, no drinking, no smoking around the animals
  • Avoid hand-to-face contact
  • Healthy animals may shed microorganisms
  • Isolate infected animals and handle with gloves
  • Organism is very resistant in the environment and to disinfectants
  • Wear gloves, safety goggles and respirator when cleaning contaminated areas

Additional information about avian mycobacteriosis can be found at:

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