Leptospirosis

ZOONOTIC CONCERN

Cause: Leptospira spp.

Occurrence in Animals: Mammals, wild and domestic rodents, pets and livestock (less likely if properly vaccinated)

Source in Animals: Mainly urine, also milk, blood and reproductive fluids

Exposure: Ingestion of contaminated water or direct contact with skin and mucous membranes

Symptoms:

  • ANIMALS:
    • Often asymptomatic
    • May cause kidney problems, abortion and infertility
  • HUMANS:
    • Flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, headache, muscle ache, vomiting, red eyes)
    • Liver and kidney failure

Precautions:

  • Good personal hygiene:
    • WASH HANDS¬†after handling animals and their environment
    • No eating, no drinking, no smoking around the animals
  • Handle potentially infected animals with gloves
  • Wear gloves, safety goggles and face mask when cleaning contaminated areas
  • Organism can persist for a few days in the environment

Additional information about leptospirosis can be found at:

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